How Does Smoking Affect Teeth

People are aware that smoking is bad for overall health causing and contributing to many different medical problems and diseases. However, many people don’t realise the affect smoking has on their mouth, gums and teeth. Smoking can lead to bad breath, a diminished sense of taste, tooth staining, gum disease, tooth loss and can increase the risk of mouth and lip cancer.

Smoking causes immediate changes in the mouth, the most noticeable are staining of the teeth and tongue, gum discolouration, change of colouring on the roof of the mouth, bad breath and loss of taste.
The nicotine in cigarettes reduces the saliva flow which can cause dry mouth. Nicotine also changes the composition of saliva making it thicker which doesn’t protect the teeth as well leaving teeth more valuable to tooth decay.

Smoking reduces blood flow to the gums, which can cause or worsen gum disease. Gum disease is both the inflammation of gums and the loss of bone support. Once the bone is lost the teeth have no support and become loose, as result teeth may have to be extracted.
Reduced blood flow to your mouth and gums also effect the healing process This results in cuts and ulcers to heal slower.


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